15 frequently asked Web Designer Interview Questions
If you are looking to building a career as a Web Designer, here are some of the frequently asked questions in a Web Designer’s job interview. To succeed in the interview, you need a sound knowledge of web page coding and design.
1. What are the most commonly used languages and platforms for website design?
The following are the main languages or platforms used for web designing:
• HTML which stands for Hypertext Markup Language that helps design the base template.
• CSS which stands for Cascading Style Sheets is used for styling the pages.
• PHP or Personal Home Page which is used for server-side scripting.
2. What is HTML?
HTML is Hypertext Markup Language which is the most used language for making web pages or websites.
3. What is the function of CSS in web design?
CSS or Cascading Style Sheets are needed to give the look and feel of any website. They help in the management of font styles, sizes and color combinations that are required for web pages. One change in the CSS file will cause a change to the entire website because web pages retrieve data every time and then display it.
4. What is an external style sheet?
An external style sheet is a document that contains the style information for many web pages or HTML files. The external CSS is normally linked via the LINK tag that comes under the HEAD element. This external CSS with the elements must have the relevant extensions such as style.css.
5. Differentiate between HTML elements and HTML tags?
HTML elements are used to communicate with the browser to render text. HTML tags are elements surrounded by angular brackets. HTML tags surround text and come in pairs.
6. What is Semantic HTML?
Semantic HTML denotes a coding style where the tags indicate the semantics of text that is to be conveyed. For e.g., <b></b> denotes bold text, <i></i> denotes italics and so on. Semantic HTML only represents formatting without any structure or meaning.
7. Explain the term DOCTYPE.
The term DOCTYPE conveys to the browser what type of HTML must be used on a web page. In turn, the browser uses DOCTYPE to determine how a page must be rendered. Not using DOCTYPE may load the page in the incorrect mode.
8. Explain the difference between Standard Mode and Quirks Mode.
Quirks mode is a compatibility mode which may be different in each browser. This causes inconsistent appearance in the different browsers.
Standard mode is a consistent mode of display used across all browsers.
9. What are the shortcomings of XHTML pages?
XHTML has poor browser support. Internet Explorer and other browsers cannot parse XHTML into XML.
10. How many HTML tags are needed for the basic HTML page?
There are 4 sets of HTML tags that are needed for a basic HTML page and these are:
11. How do you insert comments into HTML code without text being picked up?
For inserting comments into HTML code, you have to put them in between <!-->and<--!>.
12. Differentiate between linking to an image, email address and website
To link an image, use the <img> tags. The image must be enclosed in quotes with source attribute src in the opening tag.
To link to a hyperlink, anchor tag is used and the destination link is specified in the attribute. The text on which the hyperlink is placed must be between anchor tags. HREF stands for hypertext reference.
13. What could be the problem of the hyperlink or image is not displaying correctly?
Reasons for hyperlink or image not displaying properly are a missing quote, tag, bracket for href, alt or src text.
14. Explain the difference between a numbered list and a bulleted list.
Lists that are bulleted use the <ul> tag which means unordered whereas ordered lists use <ol>tag.
15. Explain the difference between <div> and <frame> tags?
<div> is a container meant for styling elements in a generic way while a <frame> is used for creating divisions within a web page. <frame> must be used along with <frameset> tag. Now <frame> is being replaced by <iframe> that is used for embedding videos etc. into a web page.
A web designer position has a lot to offer as it has many interesting avenues to explore and enhance your skills. The scope and demand for this position is only going to grow manifold in the coming times. To be successful in the interview for a web designer position, you must have mastery over the coding and design of web pages. Along with that knowledge, your preparation must include the above questions that cover all important topics as well to ace the interview.
Looking for Web Designer Jobs in top cities? Click at the links below:
• Web Designer Jobs in Gurgaon
• Web Designer Jobs in Mumbai
• Web Designer Jobs in Chennai
• Web Designer Jobs in Delhi
• Web Designer Jobs in Pune